Wine Grapes

Learn all about the different kinds and flavors of wine grapes.

Red Grape Variety

Cabernet Franc - tobacco, green bell pepper, raspberry, freshly-mown grass

Cabernet Sauvignon- black currants, eucalyptus, chocolate, tobacco

Gamay -pomegranate, strawberry

Grenache - smoky, pepper, raspberry

Malbec - violet, plums, tart red fruit, earthy minerality

Merlot - black cherry, plums, tomato

Mourvèdre - thyme, clove, cinnamon, black pepper, violet, blackberry

Nebbiolo - leather, tar, stewed prunes, chocolate, licorice, roses

Norton - red fruit, elderberries

Petite Sirah (Durif) - earthy, black pepper, dark fruits

Petit Verdot - violets (later), pencil shavings

Pinot Noir - raspberry, cherry, violets, "farmyard" (with age), truffles

Pinotage - bramble fruits

Sangiovese - herbs, black cherry, leathery, earthy

Syrah (Shiraz) - tobacco, black/white pepper, blackberry, smoke

Tempranillo - vanilla, strawberry, tobacco

Teroldego - spices, chocolate, red fruits

Zinfandel - black cherry, pepper, mixed spices, mint



White Grape Variety

Albariño - lemon, minerals

Breidecker - apple, pear

Chardonnay - butter, melon, apple, pineapple, vanilla (if oaked, e.g. vinified or aged in new oak aging barrels)

Chenin Blanc - wet wool, beeswax, honey, apple, almond

Gewürztraminer - rose petals, lychee, spice

Grüner Veltliner - green apple, citrus

Marsanne - almond, honeysuckle, marzipan

Melon de Bourgogne - lime, salt, green apple

Muscat - honey, grapes, lime

Palomino - honeydew, citrus, raw nuts

Pinot Gris (Pinot Grigio) - white peach, pear, apricot

Prosecco - apple, honey, musk, citrus

Riesling - citrus fruits, peach, honey, petrol

Sauvignon Blanc - gooseberry, lime, asparagus, cut grass, bell pepper (capsicum), grapefruit, passion fruit, cat pee (tasters' term for guava)

Sémillon - honey, orange, lime

Trebbiano (Ugni Blanc) - lime, herbs

Verdicchio - apple, minerals, citrus

Vermentino - pear, cream, green fruits

Viognier - peach, pear, nutmeg, apricot